Offer for MSc Thesis

 
Decarbonization of the building sector
Background
Construction of new buildings and areas with net zero energy buildings (NZEB) and positive energy standards, high energy-renovations rates together with implementation of energy efficiency measures (EEM), and deployment of decentralized renewable energy sources are identified in global assessments as key for the buildings sector contribution to achieving ambitious climate targets. These measures have to be implemented regionally and very fast, with Northern European countries typically leading the way by aiming at carbon free economies already by mid-century. The implementation of this is however not straight forward for regional and city governments as well as urban stakeholders.
Consequently, the building sector is subject to multiple policies and measures addressing multiple targets. Still there is no comprehensive understanding of how each type of policy instrument performs, in terms of efficacy, efficiency, equity, nor good understanding of policy interaction/overlap.
Beyond technological improvements, non-technological measures contribute as well to demand reduction. However, these measures, known as sufficiency measures, are usually not identified as separate measures from efficiency ones, nor their related savings potential and costs are estimated separately from efficiency measures. This has led to overlook sufficiency measures in the design of decarbonization policies.
Aims
Research questions of interest, grouped in topics:
• Which roadmaps and targets for positive or NZEB exist around the world? At what regional and institutional scales are the current efforts allocated? What is the specific focus of the existing targets and roadmaps?
• To what extent does the existing literature offer useful insights on climate policy designs for targeted to relevant demand-segments of the building sector?
• What is the literature on definition of “sufficiency measures”? Which are all possible sufficiency measures, with their saving potentials and costs? How are these measures modelled in global energy scenarios aiming at meeting ambitious climate targets (2 or 1.5 only)?
Expected outcomes:
A report and a database, with focus on one of the research questions above.
Methods
Systematic literature review, either map or review, with support of the adequate the tools and softwares.

Other information

Supervisor
Érika Mata
Climate & Sustainable Cities, Energy
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
(In cooperation with various international partners)
Tel: +46 (0)10-788-6839
Please send your application to erika.mata@ivl.se
Extent: MSc Thesis
Start date: According to agreements
Last apply date: 2019-06-30
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